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Medical Assisting: Citing Sources

Why cite sources?


When writing research papers students are often required to create a "list of works cited." This side bar discusses what the underlying reasons are for these requirements and what some of these terms mean.

Including a list of works cited in your research paper enables anyone reading your paper to go back and check what you claim as a source for your various research points. It provides a list of resources for others to use if they found your paper interesting or useful. It is the method researchers use to give credit to authors for their ideas and work, to show clearly that you are giving credit where credit is due. This is important of course to avoid charges of plagiarism.

Nursing students use the American Psychological Association style (APA).  Typically, a citation will include: the author(s) name(s); the title of the resource used; the date of publication; the place of publication. If you are citing a Web site, your citation additionally will typically include the url address of the Web site, and the date you viewed the Web site.

Some definitions [all from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition]:

Bibliography: a list of works referred to in a text or consulted by the author in the production of the work.

Citation: (not from Webster's) the elements needed to identify the source of information used. usually included in a citation is the author's name, the title of the resource, place of publishing, and year of publishing.

Plagiarism: to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own without crediting the source; to commit literary theft, to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.




Resources for Citing Sources


Concise Rules of APA Style REF BF 76.7 .C66 2005
Pocket Style Manual. 6th Edition PE 1408 H26 2015
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association REF BF 76.7 P83 2010

Our Plagiarism Policy

Fom the STCC Student Handbook:

Academic Honesty Policy (Plagiarism)

Communication of knowledge and a free exchange of ideas, two essential aspects of a college community, require a fundamental standard of honesty. Students and faculty must be able to expect that thoughts and work presented for credit are the property of the person presenting them. To safeguard these principles, it is important to clarify the rules and procedures regarding academic honesty.

1. Academic dishonesty- Students must refrain from all forms of academic dishonesty including but not limited to:

  1. Cheating on quizzes and examinations. Cheating is to act dishonestly or fraudulently in performing assignments, tests or quizzes; or to violate established or accepted rules of behavior in performing assignments, tests or quizzes.
  2. Abetting others in cheating.
  3. Appropriating other student's work.
  4. Plagiarizing written assignments. Plagiarism occurs when the creative work of another individual is imitated or used without authorization, or when the creative work of someone else is represented as one's own work. Plagiarism includes but is not limited to:
  • Making a direct copy of another's work without appropriate citation. This includes books, articles, the work of other students, and information from the World Wide Web.
  • Paraphrasing the work of another so that the essential meaning and or progression of ideas are maintained in spite of minor changes.
  • Resubmitting one's own work as new, following previous submission for credit in another class or other context.
  • Presenting work as one's own, for example, work that was produced in conjunction with others, such as another student or a tutor, without including appropriate citation.
  • Closely imitating, without citation, the creative work of another in a creative work of artistic merit.
    • It should be made clear that the continuously expanding capabilities of electronic media represent increased opportunities for plagiarism. Students should be aware that fraudulently presented material from electronic sources (such as the World Wide Web) will be treated as seriously as that from any other source.

2. Consequences of Academic Dishonesty.

  1. Faculty who find students in violation of honesty standards shall determine the appropriate response. Punishment may include dismissal and/or failing grade in the course.
  2. Faculty will report incidents of academic dishonesty and the action taken in response to them in writing to the Dean of Student Affairs.
  3. The Dean of Student Affairs may elect to pursue further action up to and including dismissal from the College.

Students who believe themselves to be unjustly accused or punished for academic honesty violations may pursue the matter through the grievance procedure outlined on the following pages

Research Tip


When accumulating the resources you will use for your paper, keep track of the information you will need to cite that resource if in fact you use it in your paper. That means, write down the information typically used in a citation (see left sidebar), for example, the author(s)' name(s), complete title of the resource, publisher, date, etc. Perhaps you can make and keep copies of the first pages of the resource, whether print or electronic, for easy citation later.

The reason for this tip is that if you don't keep good records, you may end up trying to re-locate that resource. This can be a time consuming, frustrating, and ultimately unsuccessul endeavor!

Helpful Citation Videos