When writing research papers nursing students are often required to create a "list of works cited." This side bar discusses what the underlying reasons are for these requirements and what some of these terms mean.
Including a list of works cited in your research paper enables anyone reading your paper to go back and check what you claim as a source for your various research points. It provides a list of resources for others to use if they found your paper interesting or useful. It is the method researchers use to give credit to authors for their ideas and work, to show clearly that you are giving credit where credit is due. This is important of course to avoid charges of plagiarism.
Nursing students use the American Psychological Association style (APA). Typically, a citation will include: the author(s) name(s); the title of the resource used; the date of publication; the place of publication. If you are citing a Web site, your citation additionally will typically include the url address of the Web site, and the date you viewed the Web site.
Some definitions [all from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition]:
Bibliography: a list of works referred to in a text or consulted by the author in the production of the work.
Citation: (not from Webster's) the elements needed to identify the source of information used. usually included in a citation is the author's name, the title of the resource, place of publishing, and year of publishing.
Plagiarism: to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own without crediting the source; to commit literary theft, to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.
|The Elements of Style||Reserve PE 1408 .S772 2005|
|Evidence Explained: Citing History Sources from Artifacts to Cyberspace||D5 .M55 2007|
|Pocket Style Manual. 7th Edition||REF PE1408.H26 2015|
|Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association||REF BF76.7.P83 2010|
Fom the STCC Student Handbook:
Academic Honesty Policy
Communication of knowledge and a free exchange of ideas, two essential aspects of a college community, require a fundamental standard of honesty. Students and faculty must be able to expect that thoughts and work presented for credit are the property of the person presenting them. To safeguard these principles, it is important to clarify the rules and procedures regarding academic honesty.
Acts of academic dishonesty, including but not limited to the following:
a. Use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations;
b. Dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or carrying out other assignments;
c. The acquisition, without permission, of tests or other academic material belonging to a member of the College faculty or staff; or
d. Plagiarism, which is defined as the use, by paraphrase or direct quotation, of the published or unpublished work of another person without full and clear acknowledgment. It also includes the unacknowledged use of materials prepared by another person or agency engaged in the selling of term papers or other academic materials. Taking credit for work done by another person or doing work for which another person will receive credit. Copying or purchasing other’s work or arranging for others to do work under a false name.
Discipline for Academic Dishonesty
This policy recognizes the right of faculty to manage their class, including addressing directly with students issues of academic dishonesty. When academic dishonesty is suspected, a faculty member may choose to issue a failing grade. If the student believes that there is substantial evidence of error or injustice associated with that grade, the student may file a grievance under the Student Grievance Procedure’s Grade Appeal Process. Alternatively, a faculty member may choose not to issue a grade, but rather refer the matter directly to the CCA for administration under this policy. However, where the issuance of a failing grade by a faculty member for academic dishonesty will result in a student’s dismissal from a program (for example in nursing and other health care programs), the charge of academic dishonesty shall be directly referred to the CCA for administration under this policy, which shall be completed, where practicable, within thirty (30) days.
KEEP TRACK OF YOUR RESOURCES!
When accumulating the resources you will use for your paper, keep track of the information you will need to cite that resource if in fact you use it in your paper. That means, write down the information typically used in a citation (see left sidebar), for example, the author(s)' name(s), complete title of the resource, publisher, date, etc. Perhaps you can make and keep copies of the first pages of the resource, whether print or electronic, for easy citation later.
The reason for this tip is that if you don't keep good records, you may end up trying to re-locate that resource. This can be a time consuming, frustrating, and ultimately unsuccessul endeavor!